Friday, May 20, 2022

Finland and Sweden in NATO: Disregarding the Benefits of Neutrality

Finland's and Sweden’s recent decisions to apply for NATO membership is a major win for the military alliance, but a far more dubious one for these two countries. NATO badly needs a success at this moment, since neither the economic war on Russia nor the conflict in Ukraine seem to be going the West’s way. Whether officially adding two more Nordic countries would have a real military advantage for NATO remains to be seen, but at least it would be a clear Public Relations win.

However, this could become a PR debacle instead for the West, if Turkey is serious about refusing to allow Finland and Sweden into the organization. As so often in recent years, Turkey does not align itself directly with the West, but chooses to pursue a path halfway between the United States and Russia. Nevertheless, considering the very public and congratulatory announcements of the Finnish and Swedish candidacies by NATO HQ and its members, it seems possible that Turkey will eventually yield, provided at least some of its significant demands are met. In any case, this episode has yet again exposed the amateurism and the lack of preparedness of Western political leaders.

It is doubtful whether the military security of Finland and Sweden would be increased as part of NATO, on the contrary. For a start, the famous Article 5 “protection” of the NATO Charter is actually not a guarantee of military assistance from the member states to the country in need. It only states that NATO shall take “action as it deems necessary, including the use of armed force, to restore and maintain the security”. It would be foolish to think that NATO, and in particular the untrustworthy USA, would engage militarily if conflict were to erupt between, say, Finland and… Russia.

If potential future NATO members Finland and Sweden were to limit the number of NATO troops and infrastructure on their territory, like the Baltic States, the security situation in Europe would probably not worsen, though NATO would not gain much, strategically, from their membership. This is essentially what President Putin concluded in his first remarks on this topic. However, an immediate reinforcement by the Russia army of its Western Military District has, not surprisingly, already been announced by the Russian Defense Minister

But, on the other hand, if Finland and Sweden, as members of NATO, were to decide - or be forced to accept - NATO missile launchers on their territory, like Romania and Poland have, a stronger Russian reaction would be expected. Were Finland to agree to host a potentially offensive NATO military base in Finnish Lapland, less than 200km from the Russian naval and air bases in Murmansk, the whole Northern European Security balance would be disrupted. Russia would then understandably feel forced to try to resolve such a looming security threat.

Have the Finnish and Swedish governments thought through the implications of a NATO membership and how it could have the opposite effect of the increased security that they are ostensibly seeking? NATO is certainly not a defensive alliance, but clearly a tool of an aggressive US foreign policy, as has been evident on many occasions, from the attack on Serbia to the destruction of Libya.

The Benefits of Neutrality

The leaders of Finland and Sweden seem to have forgotten, or disregarded, the benefit of neutrality, particularly for small nations. In international relations, it is the logical position of a State that is weak relative neighboring States. Neutrality in itself confers protection. There are, of course, cases where neutrality does not protect, as History has shown. But History has also shown that neutrality has often had advantages for those who practiced it.

Sweden in past clearly benefited from its neutral status, allowing it to stay out of both world wars and keep cordial relationships across the Cold War blocs. For Finland, neutrality was even more important since it secured Finnish independence after WWII and enabled peaceful relations with the USSR afterwards. Additionally, as neutral countries, Finland and Sweden punched far above their weight in international affairs, e.g. as mediators or hosts. But now, as political analyst Anatoly Lieven wrote, “by joining NATO, Finland is throwing away whatever remote possibility exists of playing a mediating role between Russia and the West, not just to help bring about an end to the war in Ukraine, but at some point in the future to promote wider reconciliation.

From a libertarian perspective, neutrality would also be the natural position of a (mostly) free society, with a State that is small in size and reach. Such a State, allowing significant economic and political freedom, would not have the right, the resources or the interest to project power abroad and lead an aggressive foreign policy. Its main role would be the defense of private property within the territory it controls, including from foreign aggressors, while not taking sides in foreign conflicts.

It is relevant to revisit Murray Rothbard’s 1994 article, “Just War”, in which he noted that neutrality used to be a cornerstone of international law:

  In a theory which tried to limit war, neutrality was considered not only justifiable but a positive virtue… Neutral states had "rights" which were mainly upheld, since every warring country knew that someday it too would be neutral. A warring state could not interfere with neutral shipping to an enemy state; neutrals could ship to such an enemy with impunity all goods except "contraband," which was strictly defined as arms and ammunition, period. Wars were kept limited in those days, and neutrality was extolled.”

This implies, of course, that in this classic view of international law, a state that sends arms and ammunitions to a belligerent, as well as participates in an economic war against another state, cannot be considered neutral. Indeed, this is the case today of Finland and Sweden against Russia, which is not surprising since they had in fact been neutral in name only, long before their recent NATO applications.

Today, neutrality in foreign relations is no longer extolled; quite the opposite. As Rothbard continued: “In the modern corruption of international law that has prevailed since 1914, "neutrality" has been treated as somehow deeply immoral.” Nations have been increasingly pressured to take sides in conflicts, and even to contribute to the war effort of one of the belligerents. There is little political room left for neutrality, as governments feel tempted – or are forced – to band together in "collective security arrangements", for instance through NATO, and also now, the EU.

This pressure has now become crystal clear with the conflict in Ukraine, as the USA and the EU have openly been forcing and cajoling countries around the world to take sides against Russia in a conflict that generally does not concern them. Though Austria has somewhat resisted this political pressure by wanting to stay officially neutral, Finland and Sweden have caved.

The strongly pro-US political elites in both countries had been waiting a long time for the political moment to convert an already existing cooperation with NATO into full membership. In that sense, the abrupt shift in public opinion in favor of full membership, the result of slanted Western reporting on the conflict in Ukraine, was a godsend for this political class, which quickly took advantage of it. The lack of public debate and transparency around this decision, and the speed at which it is being rushed through, is astounding from nations calling themselves “democracies”.

Even worse, the actual reasons given by the Finnish and Swedish governments for applying for NATO membership at the present moment are not as clear and precise as could be expected, considering the importance of this decision for the future security of these nations. This may not be surprising since there is no indication of any Russian threat against the two Nordics countries.

Finland and Sweden seem to believe that they will gain security by joining NATO, but by officially giving up their neutrality they will not only jeopardize their security but also lose independence. Thus, if both nations finally do become full NATO members, they will likely come to regret their decision at a later date. These two countries would have been better off if they have followed the fundamental principal of libertarianism in international affairs, which is neutrality. This is the position that is most likely to bring peace in the world over the long term.

Wednesday, April 20, 2022

Why the Sanctions Against Russia Must Be Opposed

The Western sanctions against Russia seem to shock very few Westerns. Yet, for several reasons, these sanctions should at least be the subject of lively debate in Western societies.

Firstly, these sanctions are illegal from the standpoint of international law (only the Security Council can approve economic sanctions, according to Article 41 of the Charter of the United Nations). They could legitimately be considered an act of war by Russia, with all the terrifying consequences that such an interpretation could have. Thus, regardless whether Russia’s invasion of Ukraine is considered a violation of international law, such an economic war waged by the West in Russia cannot be justified on the part of nations that do not have defense agreements with Ukraine and which are not at war with Russia. Two wrongs don't make a right.

Thursday, June 24, 2021

The Health Crisis Exposes the Nature of Political Power

During the pandemic, governments have gained in power at the expense of society. The many laws voted and decrees announced have severely limited individual freedoms in many countries, despite the fact that from the beginning many doubts existed regarding the effectiveness, the relevance and the legitimacy of these draconian measures used to fight the pandemic. The successive lockdowns, the obligation of wearing masks outdoors, the closing of schools and colleges, are just a few glaring examples.

Monday, May 17, 2021

The Case of Joe Rogan: Vaccine Policy and Freedom of Speech

Joe Rogan, one of the largest podcast hosts in the United States (10.6 million YouTube subscribers), expressed the following opinion about the vaccination of young adults:

If you are 21 and ask me if you should get the vaccine, I would say 'no'. If you are a healthy person and exercise all the time, and are young and eat well, I don't think you have to worry about this." 

Friday, March 26, 2021

What if the Market for Vaccines Were Free?

What are the benefits of a free market for vaccines? While such a market is unrealistic in the current political environment, it is important to understand how the free market could improve the development, production, sale and distribution of vaccines.

The libertarian cannot describe accurately the particular consequences in the long term of a market liberalization. The nature of the free market - its plurality, its decentralization - makes it difficult to make that kind of prediction. However, it is possible to make more general observations concerning a particular market, based on the principles of Austrian School of Economics.

Tuesday, March 9, 2021

Why We Must Oppose a Covid Health Pass

The rumors surrounding the introduction of a Covid-19 health pass are getting more or more concrete. There are signs that it likely will happen; France and UK are already considering it.

Though the details are still sketchy, it would be a kind of laissez-passer, which would allow only those in possession of it to visit places like cafes, restaurants, museums, exhibitions, etc. In order words, anyone without such a pass would still be denied access to all those establishments that were closed during the numerous lockdowns.

Wednesday, November 25, 2020

The Education of the Modern Socialist

Libertarians often wonder why socialism continues to be so popular, even though it has proved to be such a failure as a political ideology and as an economic system. Though a public education system and a biased mainstream media are key reasons for this, the stubborn resiliency of socialism is also somewhat fictitious since socialism has evolved: the socialist of yesteryear is not the socialist of today. This distinction is important to remember when setting the themes for a libertarian education. 

Sunday, September 13, 2020

Julian Assange and the Struggle for Political Freedom

Julian Assange's heroic but tragic life is coming to a head in the next weeks. A British court shall soon rule whether Assange, ostensibly a publisher and journalist, shall be extradited to the United States to be charged with espionage. Though many people around the world have followed Assange's hardships on and off during the last decade, it is really now, during this sham trial in London, that the importance of the struggle for political freedom should become clear to all.

Monday, April 6, 2020

The Lockdown in the West Also Comes From China

The Western reaction to the Coronavirus pandemic has been nothing short of hysterical. Most of the populations in the West have been confined to their homes and whole countries have been locked down, at an economic cost that goes beyond belief. It is difficult to find historical examples of such draconian measures being adopted by Western nations anywhere and anytime, even during war.

Tuesday, March 24, 2020

Why are Western Politicians Destroying the Economy?

An economic cataclysm has been unleashed upon the world by Western politicians and bureaucrats. Unbelievably, economic activity in the West has slowed to a creep, as entire populations have been confined to their homes for weeks, if not months. As a result, millions have had their lives turned upside down. Most entrepreneurs and self-employed have had their livelihoods jeopardized.

Thursday, February 27, 2020

The Disastrous Healthcare Plans of Sanders and Warren

The ideas for healthcare reform of the statist and left-wing politicians in the USA are so disastrous and so foolhardy, that they should be severely and frequently criticized. In particular, the healthcare plans of Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren reflect quite well what a lot of economically and politically uneducated progressives in the USA think should be done about healthcare. They want change the current system in order to lower the costs of healthcare and provide "free" or almost "free" healthcare. It is true that the healthcare system in the US must be dramatically transformed and that its costs to end-users (patients) should go down significantly, but not at all in the interventionist way these people think. The way to go, as usual, is to expand the free market.

Friday, February 21, 2020

The SAS Commercial : An Outrageous Definition of Scandinavian Culture

Recently, a controversial commercial from SAS, the Scandinavian airline company, was published on social media. It attempts to portray Scandinavian culture as basically non-existing. The message is that because all typical Scandinavian cultural traits and imagery can supposedly be traced to external sources, Scandinavia has "nothing", as the commercial repeats, in many languages. SAS obviously is trying to be politically correct in these globalist times, in which the Nation is looked down upon. At the same time it wants to encourage Scandinavians to use SAS to fly to faraway lands to bring back more valuable things (such as meatballs?), so these too may in the future be transformed and become part of what represents Scandinavia.